Common Tea Leaf and Grade Descriptions


 

Whole Leaf

 

TGFOP
Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe – This grade represents some of the most precious tea in the world. After brewing, it is not uncommon to see whole leaves in their original state. The tip on these leaves can make up as much as a fourth of a whole leaf.
GFOP
Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe – An open OP leaf with a golden brown tip.
FOP
Flowery Orange Pekoe – A leafwhich is as long or longer than on OP but is not as tightly rolled. The cup tends to be lighter than the broken grades.
OP
Orange Pekoe – Long, thin, wiry leaves which sometimes contain yellow tip or leaf buds. The liquors are light and pale in color. This is not a kind of tea, but merely a term used to describe a certain size of tea leaf.
Pekoe
(Peck-Oh) The leaves of this grade are shorter and not as wiry as an orange pekoe. In Europe this type of leaf is often referred to as curly.
Souchong
A bold, flat leaf, often light in liquor. Formosa and China are the most common producers of this grade.

 
 

Broken Leaf

 

GFBOP
Golden Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe – A BOP with more tip than the FBOP. Tips do not necessarily add to the quality of the cup. However, most top grades do have tip.
FBOP
Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe – Is usually larger than the standard BOP and often contains brown and silver tips. The tips are not pieces of flower, but merely tender new leaf buds.
BOP
Broken Orange Pekoe – The smallest of leaf grades. The liquor usually has a good color with strength in the cup and is very useful in many blends.
BP
Broken Pekoe – A very short, even, curly leaf. It develops a dark, heavy cup and is very popular in the Middle East.

 
 

Tea Bag

 

Fanning
Much smaller than BOP. Its main characteristics are quick brewing with good color in the cup. For use in tea bags only.
Dust
Is the smallest grade produced. Very useful for a quick brewing cup of tea. Dusts are manfactured in all qualities.